(Ph.D. Cambridge University, 1982) is Claude and Lore Kelly Professor in European Studies and a Professor of History at Princeton University, a Professor of International Affairs in the Woodrow Wilson School, as well as an Adjunct Professor at BI Norwegian Business School, and the official historian of the International Monetary Fund. He is Director of the Program in Contemporary European Politics and Society and serves on the editorial committee of the journal World Politics and is Chairman of the Academic Council of The European Association for Banking and Financial History (EABH). Before coming to the United States in 1986, he was a Fellow of Peterhouse for eight years. He was awarded with the Ellen MacArthur Prize for Economic History at the University of Cambridge in 1982, the Helmut Schmidt Prize in Economic History at the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. in 2004 and the Ludwig Erhard Prize for writing about economics in 2005.
His research focuses on European economic history, and globalization. He has published and co-authored several books analysing Germany’s financial history in the interwar era, the changing character of national identity in Germany and detailed studies about the Deutsche Bundesbank. His latest books, Making the European Monetary Union published by the Harvard University Press in 2012, and The Euro and the Battle of Ideas, written with Markus Brunnermeier and Jean-Pierre Landau (Princeton University Press, 2016) aim at a deeper understanding of the European monetary crisis by tracing the historical background of Europe-wide monetary union and common currency, and the differences in national approaches to economic policy in the EU’s member countries.